Social Icons

Saturday, November 3, 2012


Can cryptic messages be considered as a First Information Report (FIR). FIR a written document prepared by the police when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence. HELD cryptic messages not FIR.

The Hon’ble Supreme Court in Anand Mohan Vs State of Bihar19 observed cryptic messages cannot be FIR.

Supreme Court in Binay Kumar Singh and others Vs State of Bihar [(1997) 1 SCC 283] held that the officer in-charge of the police station is not obliged to accept as FIR any nebulous information received from somebody which does not disclose any authentic cognizable offence and it is open to the officer in-charge to collect more information containing details of the occurrence, if available, so that he can consider whether a cognizable offence has been committed warranting investigation.

The Supreme Court in Sheikh Ishaque and Others Vs State of Bihar [(1995) 3 SCC 392], Gulabi Paswan gave a cryptic information at the police station to the effect that there was a commotion at the village as firing and brick batting was going on and this Court held that this cryptic information did not even disclose the commission of a cognizable offence nor did it disclose who were the assailants and such a cryptic statement of Gulabi Paswan cannot be treated to be an FIR within the meaning of section 154 Cr.P.C.

The Hon’ble Supreme Court in Anand Mohan Vs State of Bihar19 held “In our consideration opinion, therefore, the trial court and the High Court have rightly treated the subsequent typed written information lodged by PW-14 and not the wireless message as the FIR”.

Prepared by: S. Hemanth